Thailand is a tropical paradise for sun-worshipers with pristine islands and beaches. It caters to the adventurous with jungle trekking and to the nature lovers with numerous Natural Parks to be enjoyed.
Its magnificent capital, Bangkok, is home to exotic glittering temples and palaces and during the rainy season this sultry, exciting holiday country is also home to the mosquito called “Aedes Aegypti”.
This dreaded, tiny mosquito spreads Dengue Fever and Dengue Fever is insidious and can be fatal during the rainy season. The rainy season in Thailand is from May to September and it is at this time that the dengue fever virus is most prevalent.
No area of this charming country is more or less prone to have these particular mosquitoes than the next but it is more likely there will be a higher concentration of mosquitoes in the jungle areas.
However, caution must be maintained even in the most pristine establishments throughout the country, either urban or rural. Cities can contain many breeding grounds for the dreaded “Aedes Aegypti” mosquito.
The Thai translation for dengue fever is “Khai saa” and it should always be taken seriously. The dengue fever article below lists dengue fever symptoms, treatment, and prevention methods.
Dengue Fever Symptoms
It is possible that there will be no obvious symptoms for dengue fever in many cases, even up to 80% of victims and it can even take up to five days before any symptoms become evident.
So to be safe – whenever a mosquito bite is noticed watch out for the following symptoms which may manifest themselves in no particular order but normally the first ones to be noticed are:
- Sudden chills and pain above and below the eyes, much like a straining pain.
- Fever, 38.5 degrees or above. Normal body temperature is 37 degrees Celsius. This can easily be checked with a simple thermometer.
- Unexplained lethargy.
- Nausea, vomiting, and/or diarrhea.
- Loss of appetite.
- Body rash, mainly abdominal and upper torso in the first instance.
- Headaches, muscle and neck pains.
Dengue fever may seem to appear suddenly but in actual fact, the virus will already have been busy for days before the symptoms appearing. Some severe or heightened symptoms may appear and once in evidence medical attention is required immediately.
Get the patient to a professional medical practitioner without delay because at this stage the infected person is in dire need of professional intervention. These heightened symptoms may include some or even all of the following:
- Worsening fever.
- Constant thirst.
- Severe vomiting/headache/stomachache.
- Dehydration/Drowsiness/Increased lethargy.
- Shock – marked by coldness/sweating/irregular breathing.
- Rapidly spreading rash.
Dengue Fever Treatment
In the initial stages the following treatment will prove beneficial:
- Drink plenty of plain water and fruit juice.
- Take pain medication, Tylenol is fine but avoid aspirin as it may exacerbate any bleeding problems.
- Keep the body cool by wiping it with wet towels.
- Take bed rest.
Once the patient receives medical care the situation can be assessed and proper treatment administered. This will involve taking a blood test to ascertain the platelet count. Once the doctor has this information to hand progress can be made.
Furthermore, at this stage, the laboratory will discover which type of dengue fever is present. There are four different types and as yet there is no vaccine against the dengue fever virus. Also having fallen victim to one strain does not afford immunity to the others.
Preventing Dengue Fever
Due to its very nature preventing dengue fever is rarely an option but cutting down on the breeding ground of mosquitoes is. Mosquitoes breed in areas where water is stagnant, flower pot saucers, open water barrels, open sewage covers, and anyplace where water is allowed to sit undisturbed.
Use a mosquito repellent, preferably one containing DEET. The higher the concentration of Deet the longer lasting the protection will be. Wear long sleeves at dawn and dusk and in the evening-time wear socks.
Thailand is well equipped to deal with dengue fever but as a precaution check out hospitals and clinics in areas on any travel itinerary.